Allama Iqbal's Poetry
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Gabriel’s Wing


Arise in order that we may make the order of the sun’s...
The heart of a diamond can be cut by the leaf of a flower;
My epiphany of passion causes commotion in the precinct of...
All potent wine is emptied of Thy cask;
If the stars have strayed—To whom do the heavens belong,...
Bright are Your tresses: brighten them even more:
Make our hearts the seats of mercy and love,
Whether or not it moves you, at least listen to my...
Give to the youth my sighs of dawn;
What avails love when life is so ephemeral?
My scattered dust charged with Love The shape of heart may...
Thy world the fish’s and the winged thing’s bower;
Contrary runs our planet, the stars whirl fast, oh Saki!
Due to Thy benevolence, I am not without merit,
Set out once more that cup, that wine, oh Saki—
He is the essence of the Space as well as the Placeless...
My Saki made me drink the wine of There is no god but He:
At times, Love is a wanderer who has no home,
Slow fire of longing—wealth beyond compare;
Love, sometimes, is the solitude of Nature;
Have You forgotten then my heart of old,
Grant me the absorption of the souls of the past,
By dint of Spring the poppy-cup, with vintage red is...
I learnt from Abul Hasan:
Mine ill luck the same and same, O Lord, the coldness on...
This reason of mine knows not good from evil;
Methought my racing field lay under the skies,
To be God is to have charge of land and sea;
Reason is either luminous, or it seeks proofs;
This Adam—is he the sovereign of land and sea?
Lovely, oh Lord, this fleeting world; but why
All Nature’s vastness cannot contain you, oh
Who is this composer of ghazals, who is burningly...
The breath of Gabriel if God on me bestow,
Fabric of earth and wind and wave! Who is the secret, you...
Thou art yet region-bound, transcend the limits of space;
The free by dint of faqr Life’s secrets can disclose:
Hill and vale once more under the poppy’s lamps are...
Muslims are born with a gift to charm, to persuade;
Through Love the song of Life Begets its rhythmic flow:
Of passion’s glow your heart is blank, Your glances are...
A host of peril though you face, Yet your tongue with...
Rely on the witness of the phenomenal world
These Western nymphs A challenge to the eye and the heart,
A heart awake to man imparts Umar’s brains and Hyder’s...
In the coquetry and fierceness of the self there is no...
A recreant captain, a battle-line thrown back,
At London, winter wind, like sword, was biting though,
The ancient fane in which we live Has heaps of thorns at...
The way to renounce is To conquer the earth and heaven;
Though reason to the portal guide,
The self of man is ocean vast, And knows no depth or bound:
The morning breeze has whispered to me a secret,
Thy vision and thy hands are chained, earth-bound,
The mind can give you naught, But what with doubt is...
The splendour of a monarch great Is worthless for the free...
You are neither for the earth nor for the heaven:
O Prisoner of Space! You are not far from the Placeless...
My mind on me bestowed a thinker’s gaze,
From the heavens comes an answer to our long cries at last:
All life is voyaging, all life in motion,
Every atom pants for glory: greed
This wonder by some glance is wrought, or Fortune’s...
What should I ask the sages about my origin:
When through the Love man conscious grows of respect...
Once more I feel the urge to wail and weep at dead of night:
Devoid of passion’s roar I can exist no more:
Nature before your mind present,
Alas! The mullah and the priest, conduct their sermons so
The magic old to life is brought by means of present...
Other worlds exist beyond the stars—
The West seeks to make life a perpetual feast;
If self with knowledge strong becomes, Gabriel it can...
The schools bestow no grace of fancy fine,
Events as yet folded in the scroll of Time
To Lover’s glowing fire and flame the mystic order has...
Intuition in the West was clever in its power,
O manly heart, the goal you seek is hard to gain like gem...
A monarch’s pomp and mighty arms can never give such glee,
On me no subtle brain though Nature spent,
By men whose eyes see far and wide new cities shall be...
To God the angels did complain 'Gainst Iqbal and did say
Over the tussle of heart and head
Arise! The bugle calls! It is time to leave!
The Gnostic and the common throng new life have gained...
Through many a stage the crescent goes and then at last...
In the maze of eve and morn, o man awake, do not be lost:
The cloisters, once the rearing place of daring men and...
From Salman, singer sweet, this subtle point I know:
The crown, the throne, and mighty arms by faqr are wrought...
In my craze that knows no bound, of the Mosque I made the...
Knowledge and reason work in manner strange,
The rituals of the Sanctuary unsanctified!
O wave! Plunge headlong into the dark seas,
Am I bound by space, or beyond space?
Confused is the nature of my love for Thee,
I was in the solitude of selfhood lost,
Faith, like Abraham, sits down in the fire;
Arabian fervour has within it the Persian melodies,
A restless heart throbs in every atom;
I wish someone saw how I play the flute—
Thy vision is not lofty, ethereal,
Neither the Muslim nor his power survives;
Distracted are thy eyes in myriad ways;
Selfhood in the world of men is prophethood;
The beauty of mystic love is shaped in song;
Where is the moving spirit of my life?
Thy bosom has breath; it does not have a heart;
I am not a pursuer, nor a traveller,
Pure in nature thou art, thy nature is light;
They no longer have that passionate love—
Not translated yet
Dew-drops glisten on flowers that bloom in the spring;
Conquer the world with the power of selfhood,
A Prayer
The mystic's soul is like the morning breeze:
The Mosque of Cordoba
Mu‘tamid’s Lament In Prison
First Date Tree Seeded By Abdul Rahman the First
That blood of pristine vigour is no more;
The veiled secrets are becoming manifest—
Tariq’s Prayer
This revolution of time is eternal;
Song of the Angles
God’s Command
Theorizing is the infidelity of the self:
The Moth and the Firefly
To Javid
Heaven and the Priest
Church and State
The Earth is God's
To a Young Man
Poppy of the Wilderness
Iqbal recited once in a garden in Spring
The Angels Bid Farewell to Adam
Adam Is Received By the Spirit of the Earth
My nature is like the fresh breeze of morn:
The Mentor and The Disciple
Thy body knows not the secrets of thy heart,
Gabriel And Iblis
The mentor exhorted his disciples once:
The Prayer-call
Though I have little of rhetorician’s art,
The Star’s Message
To Javid
Philosophy and Religion
A Letter from Europe
At Napoleon’s Tomb
A Question
To the Punjab Peasant
Nadir Shah of Afghanistan
The Last Testament of Khush-hal Khan Khattak
The Tartar's Dream
Worlds Apart
Abu al ‘Ala al-Ma‘arri
To the Punjab Pirs
The Self
Satan’s Petition
To the Headmaster
The Philosopher
The Eagle
Disciples in Revolt
The Last Will of Harun Rashid
To the Psychologist
Freedom of Thought
The Lion and the Mule
The Ant and the Eagle

اعلیٰحضرت شہید امیرالمومنین نادر شاہ غازی رحمتہ اللہ علیہ کے لطف و کرم سے نومبر۱۹۳۳ء* میں مصنّف کو حکیم سنائی غزنویؒ کے مزارِ مقدس کی زیارت نصیب ہوئی۔ یہ چند افکارِ پریشاں جن میں حکیم ہی کے ایک مشہور قصیدے کی پیروی کی گئی ہے، اس روزِ سعید کی یادگار میں سپ
’ ما از پئے سنائیؔ و عطّارؔ آمدیم‘
سما سکتا نہیں پہنائے فطرت میں مرا سودا
غلَط تھا اے جُنوں شاید ترا اندازۂ صحرا
خودی سے اس طلسمِ رنگ و بُو کو توڑ سکتے ہیں
یہی توحید تھی جس کو نہ تُو سمجھا نہ مَیں سمجھا
نِگہ پیدا کر اے غافل تجلّی عینِ فطرت ہے
کہ اپنی موج سے بیگانہ رہ سکتا نہیں دریا
رقابت عِلم و عرفاں میں غلَط بینی ہے منبر کی
کہ وہ حلّاج کی سُولی کو سمجھا ہے رقیب اپنا
خدا کے پاک بندوں کو حکومت میں، غلامی میں
زِرہ کوئی اگر محفوظ رکھتی ہے تو استغنا
نہ کر تقلید اے جبریل میرے جذب و مستی کی
تن آساں عرشیوں کو ذکر و تسبیح و طواف اَولیٰ!
بہت دیکھے ہیں مَیں نے مشرق و مغرب کے میخانے
یہاں ساقی نہیں پیدا، وہاں بے ذوق ہے صہبا
نہ ایراں میں رہے باقی، نہ تُوراں میں رہے باقی
وہ بندے فقر تھا جن کا ہلاکِ قیصر و کسریٰ
یہی شیخِ حرم ہے جو چُرا کر بیچ کھاتا ہے
گلیمِ بُوذرؓ و دَلقِ اَویسؓ و چادرِ زہراؓ!
حضورِ حق میں اسرافیل نے میری شکایت کی
یہ بندہ وقت سے پہلے قیامت کر نہ دے برپا
نِدا آئی کہ آشوبِ قیامت سے یہ کیا کم ہے
’گرفتہ چینیاں احرام و مکّی خفتہ در بطحا*‘!
لبالب شیشۂ تہذیبِ حاضر ہے مئے ’لا‘ سے
مگر ساقی کے ہاتھوں میں نہیں پیمانۂ ’اِلّا‘
دبا رکھّا ہے اس کو زخمہ‌ور کی تیز دستی نے
بہت نیچے سُروں میں ہے ابھی یورپ کا واوَیلا
اسی دریا سے اُٹھتی ہے وہ موجِ تُند جولاں بھی
نَہنگوں کے نشیمن جس سے ہوتے ہیں تہ و بالا
غلامی کیا ہے؟ ذوقِ حُسن و زیبائی سے محرومی
جسے زیبا کہیں آزاد بندے، ہے وہی زیبا
بھروسا کر نہیں سکتے غلاموں کی بصیرت پر
کہ دنیا میں فقط مردانِ حُر کی آنکھ ہے بِینا
وہی ہے صاحبِ امروز جس نے اپنی ہمّت سے
زمانے کے سمندر سے نکالا گوہرِ فردا
فرنگی شیشہ گر کے فن سے پتھّر ہوگئے پانی
مری اِکسیر نے شیشے کو بخشی سختیِ خارا
رہے ہیں، اور ہیں فرعون میری گھات میں اب تک
مگر کیا غم کہ میری آستیں میں ہے یدِ بیضا
وہ چنگاری خس و خاشاک سے کس طرح دب جائے
جسے حق نے کِیا ہو نیستاں کے واسطے پیدا
محبّت خویشتن بینی، محبّت خویشتن داری
محبّت آستانِ قیصر و کسریٰ سے بے پروا
عجب کیا گرمہ و پرویں مرے نخچیر ہو جائیں
’کہ برفتراکِ صاحب دولتے بستم سرِ خُود را‘*
وہ دانائے سُبل، ختم الرُّسل، مولائے کُلؐ جس نے
غُبارِ راہ کو بخشا فروغِ وادیِ سینا
نگاہِ عشق و مستی میں وہی اوّل، وہی آخر
وہی قُرآں، وہی فُرقاں، وہی یٰسیں، وہی طٰہٰ
سنائیؔ کے ادب سے میں نے غوّاصی نہ کی ورنہ
ابھی اس بحر میں باقی ہیں لاکھوں لُولوئے لالا
All Nature’s vastness cannot contain you, oh

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